Self-care during Urinary tract infection

Director-General of Department of Medical Services reveals the close harm to women, “bladder inflammation”. It is found in women than men. The risky groups are the elderly, the persons often have keep the urination retention, and those who drink less water.

If you have frequent urinary symptoms, pain, blurry urine, bloody, turbidity, abnormal odor, fever, do not let it be chronic as it may result in kidney disease and death.

Dr. Suphan Srithamma, Director General of Department of Medical Sciences, said that bladder infection is a disease caused by bacteria at the bladder found in women than men. It is found in the age range of 20-50 years. The reasons why this disease is found more in women than men is because the woman’s urethra is shorter than men so that the germs in the urinary tract can enter the bladder more easily. The women’s urinary tract is also exposed in the vicinity of the vagina and anus resulting in the chances of infection from the vagina and from the anus. The bacteria that cause bladder inflammation are in various types, about 75-95% is caused by E. coli. both from acute inflammation to be cured for 2-3 weeks or from chronic inflammation with the symptoms are often chronic inflammation but less severe than acute inflammation.

The risky groups or risk factors for this disease are those who keep the urinary retention resulting in the urine to be stored and the germs in the urine can grow well, the elderly because of poor hygiene of the genitals, especially those who lack care and rarely move, sitting around, those who drink less resulting in rarely urinating. The urine is stored and the germs in the urine can grow well. The symptom of urinary bladder infection is the urinary incontinence. Especially, at the end of urination, the urine is bloody which may be seen with the naked eye in pink or blood colors. The red blood cells may be detected by urination. The urinary bladder or mucus may be associated with the severity of the disease. There may be the bad odor plus the abdominal pain and fever both high fever and low fever. However, there is no fever when chronic inflammation. Sometimes there is the secretion of the genital area as a result of sexually transmitted infections. Sexually transmitted diseases may have nausea and vomiting. When the infection is acute, there may be gallstones in the urine. When combined with kidney stones or bladder stones, the side effect of bladder inflammation is the inflammation of the kidneys. The chronic disease may result in chronic kidney disease. Or when the infection is severe, it may grow to the infectious inflammation in the blood. Both cases are the cause of death.

 

The approaches for treatment of bladder inflammation include antibiotics, treatment of causes or risk factors such as treatment of sexually transmitted infections or sexually transmitted diseases when it caused by sexually transmitted infections and the treatment of symptoms such as painkillers to treat the compression of the bladder and drinking a lot of water for at least 8-10 glasses a day. When not having disease, you must drink water limitedly such as heart failure. For preventing bladder inflammation, drink 6-8 glasses of water a day without urinary retention. Always try to move the body. Control the diseases that are risk factors. Keep the body clean at excretion. Do not use spray or deodorant in the genital area because it promotes the irritation. In women, the method of using spermicide should not be used for birth control or using the cervical cap as  it may increase the chance of infection in the vagina, urethra, and bladder. Avoid bathing in the bathtub as it may be easier to get infected. More importantly, maintain basic hygiene for being healthy, reduce the chance of infection, and always visiting the doctor following the schedule. If the symptoms persist, visit the doctor for further correct treatment.

Source: Health Education Division, Department of Health Service Support, Ministry of Public Health

http://www.dms.moph.go.th

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